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Rajasthan’s Gujjar quota faces a legal challenge

first_imgThe Congress government’s move to give 5% reservation to Gujjars and four other nomadic communities in jobs and education in Rajasthan, citing them as being an “extremely backward class”, has run into rough weather. A public interest litigation petition filed in the High Court here, challenges the quota Bill on grounds of an “untenable basis” of proportionality of population.Activists Arvind Sharma and Badal Verma contend in their writ petition that the Bill — passed in the Assembly’s Budget session during the Gujjar agitation — had not only breached the 50% ceiling on reservation but had also cited the proportion of Gujjars’ population as per the last Census instead of referring to the quantifiable data of backwardness in education and public employment.The Assembly had unanimously passed the Rajasthan Backward Classes (Reservation of Seats in Educational Institutions in the State and of Appointments and Posts in Services under the State) Amendment Bill, 2019, on February 13.The four other nomadic communities, which have been accorded the quota benefit along with the Gujjars, are Banjara, Gadia-Lohar, Raika and Gadariya.While a Cabinet sub-committee has assured Gujjars that the State will strongly defend the Bill in accordance with Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot’s written assurance,The writ petition is likely to come up for preliminary hearing in the Rajasthan High Court’s Jaipur Bench next week.Petitioners’ counsel Abhinav Sharma said while the State government had contended that the reservation was aimed at addressing the pressing need to uplift certain communities, the “actual compelling circumstance” was the Gujjar agitation, which had held the entire State to ransom. Gujjars had blocked traffic on the Delhi-Mumbai railway tracks and on several highways for nine days to press for their demands.Tourism minister Vishvendra Singh, a member of the Cabinet sub-committee appointed to address the quota issue who met representatives of the Gujjar Aarakshan Sangharsh Samiti, said after the meeting that the government would press its defence strongly in the High Court. “When the 10% reservation for the poor in general category can be enforced, how will the 5% quota not pass the hurdle,” he asked.Before the notification for enforcing the new quota Bill was issued, Gujjars were eligible for 1% reservation in the “most backward” category, in addition to the Other Backward Class (OBC) quota, within the 50% ceiling laid down by the Supreme Court in the Indra Sawhney judgment. Previous State governments had tried thrice to provide 5% reservation to the Gujjars and the four other nomadic communities, who were earlier grouped as a Special Backward Class.The legislation, however, had been struck down in every one of the past three attempts by the Rajasthan High Court, which had ruled that the quota not only exceeded the 50% limit, but was also not supported by quantifiable data to prove backwardness.last_img read more

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Uttarakhand BJP expels four workers

first_imgUttarakhand BJP on Tuesday expelled four workers and office-bearers for working against party-supported nominees in the ongoing panchayat polls in the State. Party’s State unit general secretary Rajendra Bhandari issued the letter expelling four more party functionaries on the direction of the State BJP president.Total 94 Dehradun district BJP Mahila Morcha president Maya Pant was among those expelled on Tuesday. This takes the total number of party workers expelled by the BJP for anti-party activities so far to 94, State BJP media in-charge Devendra Bhasin said. State BJP president and Nainital MP Mr. Bhatt had said discipline is the party’s topmost priority and those who breach it will be dealt with sternly. The party has served a notice to its Raipur MLA Umesh Sharma Kau and sought an explanation within three days. Mr. Kau was served a notice on October 6 after an audio clip went viral in which he was heard purportedly asking for votes for an Independent candidate.last_img read more

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Dehydration

first_imgDefinitionDehydration occurs when your body does not have as much water and fluids as it should.Dehydration can be mild, moderate, or severe, based on how much of your bodys fluid is lost or not replaced. Severe dehydration is a life-threatening emergency.CausesYou can become dehydrated if you lose too much fluid, dont drink enough water or fluids, or both.Your body may lose a lot of fluid from:Sweating too much, for example, from exercising in hot weatherFeverVomiting or diarrheaUrinating too much (uncontrolled diabetes or some medications, like diuretics, can cause you to urinate a lot)You might not drink enough fluids because:You dont feel like eating or drinking because you are sickYou are nauseatedYou have a sore throat or mouth soresOlder adults and people with certain diseases, such as diabetes, are also at higher risk for dehydration.SymptomsSigns of mild to moderate dehydration:ThirstDry or sticky mouthNot urinating muchDarker yellow urineDry, cool skinHeadacheMuscle crampsSigns of severe dehydration:Not urinating, or very dark yellow or amber-colored urineDry, shriveled skinIrritability or confusionDizziness or lightheadednessRapid heartbeatBreathing rapidlySunken eyesListlessnessShock (lack of blood flow through the body)Unconsciousness or deliriumExams and TestsYour health care provider will look for these signs of dehydration:Low blood pressureBlood pressure that drops when you stand up after lying downWhite finger tips that dont return to a pink color after your doctor presses the fingertipSkin that is not as elastic as normal. When your health care provider pinches it into a fold, it may slowly sag back into place. Normally, skin springs back right away.Rapid heart rateYour doctor may do lab tests:advertisementBlood tests to check kidney functionUrine tests to see what may be causing dehydrationOther tests to see what may be causing dehydration (blood sugar test for diabetes)TreatmentTo treat dehydration:Try sipping water or sucking on ice cubes.Try drinking water or sports drinks that contain electrolytes.Do not take salt tablets. They can cause a serious complication.Learn what to eat if you have diarrhea.For more severe dehydration or heat emergency, you may need to stay in a hospital and receive fluid through a vein (IV). Your health care provider will also treat the cause of the dehydration.Dehydration caused by a stomach virus should get better on its own after a few days.Outlook (Prognosis)If you notice signs of dehydration and treat it quickly, you should recover completely.Possible ComplicationsIf untreated, severe dehydration may cause:DeathPermanent brain damageSeizuresWhen to Contact a Medical ProfessionalYou should call 911 if:The person loses consciousness at any time.There is any other change in the persons alertness (for example, confusion or seizures).The person has a fever over 102 F.You notice symptoms of heatstroke (like rapid pulse or rapid breathing).The persons condition does not improve or gets worse despite treatment.PreventionDrink plenty of fluids every day, even when you are well. Drink more when the weather is hot or you are exercising.If anyone in your family is ill, pay attention to how much they are able to drink. Pay close attention to children and older adults.Anyone with a fever, vomiting, or diarrhea should drink plenty of fluids. DO NOT wait for signs of dehydration.If you think you or someone in your family may become dehydrated, call your health care provider. Do this before the person becomes dehydrated.ReferencesChen L. Infectious diarrheal diseases and dehydration. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosens Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2009:chap 171.Greenbaum LA. Deficit therapy. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 54.Santillanes G. Claudius I. Rehydration Techniques in Infants and Children. In: Roberts: Roberts and Hedges Clinical Procedures in Emergency Medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2013:chap 19.Review Date:8/22/2013Reviewed By:Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.last_img read more