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Optimizing irrigation use

first_imgSoil moisture sensors are an efficient tool farmers use to optimize their irrigation water use.George Vellidis, a professor on the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Tifton campus, noted in a 2012 research study that water is often what limits a crop’s production. He added that as competition intensifies for this natural resource, there’s an increasing likelihood that water availability for agricultural use in the future will decrease.In hopes of providing farmers a better way to irrigate, Vellidis is researching soil moisture sensors and their impact on variable rate irrigation systems. The goal is to help farmers maximize the efficiency of their irrigation systems; thereby increasing the potential yields for various crops.“Increasing competition for water resources will likely result in less water available for agricultural production,” said Vellidis. “Precision irrigation promises to optimize the use of this precious resource.”While soil moisture sensors are not uncommon, what is unique to Vellidis’ research is the use of web-based user systems that are at farmers’ fingertips. With Vellidis’ work, sensors measure soil moisture, transmit that data back to an Internet site where the farmer analyzes the information and takes appropriate actions after determining what’s transpiring in his field. The farmer can do this from his home computer or smart phone. “Our next step is to take that information, produce specific recommendations for the producers and tell them their soil condition is such; if you irrigate, add half an inch to this part of the field, add an inch to this part of the field, add three-fourths of an inch to this part of the field so you bring all the soils up to field capacity without adding extra water so it drains out,” Vellidis said.Two different kinds of sensors are typically used for measuring soil moisture. The most commonly used type is called capacitance, which indicates how much water is available to use. However, since the volume of available water in the soil is related to the soil’s texture, every time a sensor is installed, it must be calibrated which can be a time-consuming process. Vellidis prefers a tensiometric soil moisture sensor. This type of sensor determines the soil moisture that’s available and measures how much energy a plant must exert to extract moisture from the soil. It can be installed in any soil type without calibration. For the sensors to be effective agricultural tools, they have to be strategically placed throughout a field to provide accurate readings of the soil in each farmer’s field. Before installing the sensors, Vellidis divides a field into zones. For example, a 100-acre field would be divided into 3 to 5 zones with two sensors employed for each zone. He prefers to use more than one sensor in case one goes down due to a lightning strike or is otherwise damaged. The sensors in the different zones provide accurate information about the soil moisture in those zones. This allows farmers to apply water more accurately and efficiently. “If you have the soil moisture sensors in the soil, you know exactly what your condition is. If you know something about the life cycle of your plant, you know when it’s critical for the plant to have water and when the plant can sustain some stress,” Vellidis said. For example, the critical soil moisture period for cotton is when the plant is flowering and the bolls are filling, he said. Before then, Vellidis added, farmers can wait until the soil profile is fairly dry before they irrigate, if water is limited or if they want to save energy costs.Vellidis has two goals with this project, one short term and the other long term.“I think the proper strategy for irrigation scheduling will be for consultants to get this information, be able to interpret the results and provide irrigation recommendations to the farmers in the short term,” he said.“In the long term, when we have the process better refined and the data can go straight into the pivot controller and the pivot controller can start irrigating, we can really eliminate a lot of this — I need to look at the data, scratch my head and figure out what’s going on. We’ll be able to automate that process.”last_img read more

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Secret Service increases protection on Joe Biden as he unofficially becomes president-elect

first_imgAdditional agents are reportedly being added Friday to the team protecting Biden.That full protection may still be delayed if Donald Trump refuses to concede, though: “If Biden is considered the clear winner and Trump does not concede, the Secret Service could wait under agency protocol until the electoral college meets in mid-December to certify the vote results before officially treating Biden as the president-elect,” the Post reports.- Advertisement – – Advertisement – The airspace over Biden’s home in Delaware is now considered National Defense Airspace, however. So things appear to be moving in the right direction for Biden to get the protection his position merits, and the threat of Trump’s supporters demands.last_img read more

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Mrs. Marilyn A. (Miller) Morgan

first_imgMrs. Marilyn A. (Miller) Morgan, age 77, of Vevay, Indiana, entered this life on July 9, 1939, in Ripley County, Indiana, the daughter of the late, Arnold Wilbur and Gladys Mary (Lindsay) Miller. She was raised in Switzerland County, Indiana since the age of five where she attended the Vevay High School. Marilyn was united in marriage on June 30, 1955, in Vevay, Indiana to Pastor Robert E. “Bob” Morgan and to this union arrived two daughters, Angela and Linda and two sons, Gary and Joshua to bless their home. Marilyn and Bob shared nearly 54 years of marriage together until he passed away on February 22, 2009. Marilyn was a former Associate Pastor for the Cornerstone Christian Fellowship Church in Greensburg, Indiana. She was a member of the Vevay Assembly Church in Vevay, Indiana. Marilyn was a wonderful homemaker and enjoyed spending time with her family especially her grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Marilyn passed away at 7:15 am, Saturday, August 13, 2016, at the Swiss Villa Nursing & Rehabilitation Center in Vevay, Indiana.Marilyn will be dearly missed by her daughters: Angela (Morgan) Browning and her husband: Donnie of Vevay, IN and Linda (Morgan) Faust and her husband: Larry of Lafayette, IN; her son: Gary Morgan of Vevay, IN; her 10-grandchildren: Jared, Ashley, Drusilla, Randi, Danielle, Samantha, Robert, Korey, Alan, J.J. and Cody; her 10-great-grandchildren: Madison, Emma, Conner, London, Cecelia, Ethan, Elliott, Sophie, Chloe and Jackson; her brother: Rev. Kenny Miller and his wife: Carolyn of Vevay, IN; her sister: Carolyn Griffin and her husband: Dean of Pleasant, IN and her several nieces and nephews.She was preceded in death by her parents: Arnold Wilbur and Gladys Mary (Lindsay) Miller; her husband of nearly 54 years: Pastor Robert E. “Bob” Morgan, died February 22, 2009 and her son: Joshua David Morgan, died February 17, 1995.Graveside Service: Family and friends to meet at Haskell & Morrison Funeral Home to go in procession to Moffett Cemetery at 10:00 am, Thursday, August 18, 2016Memorial contributions may be made to The Gideon’s International Memorial Bible Program or Vevay Assembly. Cards are available at the funeral home.last_img read more

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First Official Contest Dates Moved Up In Six Fall Sports

first_imgThe IHSAA Board of Directors approved 13 rules proposals, five failed and one was tabled for further study during its annual review of the By‐Laws and Articles of Incorporation Monday morning in Indianapolis.Chief among them were a pair of 19‐0 votes approving changes to the first official contest dates in six fall sports – boys tennis, girls and boys cross country, girls and boys soccer and volleyball.Submitted by Commissioner Bobby Cox on behalf of the Indiana Interscholastic Athletic Administrators Association (IIAAA), the changes to Rules 50 and 101 move up the opening dates of competition in those sports by two days from Monday of Week 7 to Saturday of Week 6 giving those teams an extra Saturday to schedule potential contests if they choose. The rule goes into effect immediately.2017 IHSAA Board Fall Sportslast_img read more

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I’m desperate to take Arsenal back to the top, Aubameyang says

first_imgRelatedPosts Runarsson joins Arsenal on four-year deal Arsenal, Wolves want Michael Olise Akpom pens Middlesbrough loan deal Arsenal captain Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang has said he remains committed to the club and wants to help them challenge for major honours. The statement is to dispel speculation that the Gabon striker might want to leave the misfiring north London side. Arsenal sit 10th in the 2019/2020 English Premier League after 21 games, nine points adrift of the 2020/2021 UEFA Champions League qualifying places. He added: “People like making up stories and they should focus on what’s happening on the pitch. “They talk too much and it does my head in!” Aubameyang wrote in the match programme ahead of the FA Cup third round tie at home to Leeds United on Monday. “I am the Arsenal captain. I love this club. I am committed to it and desperate to bring it back to the top, where it belongs.” Aubameyang has yet to sign an extension to his current contract at the Emirates Stadium, which runs until 2021. He joined the club in January 2018 for a then-record fee for the Gunners of 56 million pounds. Aubameyang was left out of the Arsenal line-up for the Leeds match due to illness, manager Mikel Arteta had told the media. Reuters/NAN.Tags: ArsenalPierre-Emerick Aubameyanglast_img read more

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Suarez to make Anfield return

first_img Press Association Current Liverpool first-teamers not on international duty will also feature along with some of the club’s academy players. Managers of the two sides will be announced in the near future. Proceeds raised from the event will help fund Liverpool FC Foundation’s community programmes, which benefit thousands of young people and adults throughout the city of Liverpool, and also support Alder Hey’s new Hospital in the Park as well as providing support packages to Claire House, Positive Futures, Centre 56 and Cash for Kids. The game, organised by the Liverpool FC Foundation, will see Steven Gerrard and Jamie Carragher each captain a side they have selected. Players who have already confirmed their availability for the March 29 fixture include Suarez, who left for Barcelona in a £75million deal last summer, Fernando Torres, Pepe Reina, Dirk Kuyt, Xabi Alonso, Thierry Henry, John Terry and Didier Drogba, to name a few. center_img Luis Suarez will return to Anfield later this month along with a host of former Liverpool stars and other international names for a unique charity match. last_img read more

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Osimhen is Nigeria’s Most Expensive Player Valued 64m Euros

first_imgIn the biannual list from the International Centre for Sports Studies (CIES) Football Observatory featuring footballers from top five European Leagues: the Premier League, La Liga, Serie A, Bundesliga, and Ligue 1, Osimhen was valued at 64 million Euros and in the 66th spot.The only other Nigerian player in the Top 100 is Leicester City enforcer, Wilfred Ndidi who is valued 49.5 million Euros and in the 94th place.Osimhen is currently on the shopping list of at least five top European teams with his Ligue 1 club looking forward to making a kill with a price tag of 75 million Euros.France’s 2018 World Cup Star, Kylian Mbappe is the world’s most expensive player in the list released on Monday.The PSG forward is valued €259.2 million ($292 million) to occupy the number one spot in the valuation of top players from the five prestigious leagues in Europe.Manchester City’s Raheem Sterling is the number two behind Mbappe with €194.7 million ($219 million) with Borussia Dortmund’s Jadon Sancho third with €179.1 million ($202 million) valuation.Interestingly, the world’s two supposed best players, Barcelona’s Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo of Juventus were not valued in the Top 20.Messi at 33 has a year left in his contract while Ronaldo at 35 is the oldest on the list of 100 players valued.Messi was valued at 100.1 € million ($113 million) and is occupying the 21st place, while Ronaldo estimated at €62.8 million ($70 million) is 70th on the list.Below is CIES Football Observatory’s Top 101. Kylian Mbappe (PSG): €259.2 million2. Raheem Sterling (Man City): €194.7 million3. Jadon Sancho (Dortmund): €179.1 million4. Trent Alexander-Arnold (Liverpool): €171.1 million5. Marcus Rashford (Man Utd): €152.3 million6. Mohamed Salah (Liverpool): €144.9 million7. Sadio Mane (Liverpool): €139.2 million8. Antoine Griezmann (Barcelona): €136.4 million9. Alphonse Davies (Bayern Munich): €133.5 million10. Harry Kane (Tottenham): €118.7 millionShare this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram *PSG’s Mbappe world’s most expensive, Messi 21st, Ronaldo 70thDuro IkhazuagbeLille’s forward, Victor Osimhen, 21, has been rated as the costliest Nigerian player at the moment.last_img read more

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Syracuse, Maryland to play at 12:30 p.m. on ACC Network on Sept. 20

first_imgThe Atlantic Coast Conference announced game times and television information for a slew of games on Monday, including the Syracuse-Maryland game on Sept. 20. The game will kick off at 12:30 p.m. in the Carrier Dome and will be aired on the ACC Network.Last season was the only time the Orange (1-0) and Terrapins (2-0) met as ACC foes, with SU topping Maryland 20-3 in College Park, Maryland. The Terrapins have since moved to the Big Ten but UMD head coach Randy Edsall will continue to face his former program. Edsall was a graduate assistant at Syracuse 1980–82 before coaching the running backs, tight ends and defensive backs throughout eight years.Syracuse and Maryland are also set to meet on Sept. 21, 2019 in College Park, Maryland.Before meeting the Terrapins this season, the Orange will travel to Central Michigan (2-0) at noon on Saturday in Mount Pleasant, Michigan. Comments AdvertisementThis is placeholder text Published on September 8, 2014 at 12:37 pm Contact Jesse: jcdoug01@syr.edu | @dougherty_jesse Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more

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Women of Troy have quick turnaround for Friday game

first_imgKyleen Hengelhaupt | Daily TrojanStanding tall · Junior outside hitter Niki Withers had 13 kills in USC’s loss on Wednesday. The Women of Troy face Washington on Friday.After a tough loss to UCLA on Wednesday, the Women of Troy (8-4) look for redemption in Friday’s game against Washington (10-1). The Trojans lost to the Bruins in four sets, ending their 8-match winning streak. This weekend, they look to defeat Washington and continue working on their team communication. Though Wednesday’s match was a letdown for Trojan fans, various players stepped up to help the team. For example, junior middle blocker Jordan Dunn recorded six kills and put up four blocks against the Bruins. Junior outside hitter Niki Withers had 13 kills, while sophomore libero Victoria Garrick had a career high 24 digs during the game. The Trojans believe that they can bounce back for Friday’s game. “My focus has to be all the good things we did tonight and how much better we improved in some things,” head coach Mick Haley said. “This gave us a really good look at where we can improve to get better.”Friday will be a quick turnaround for the Trojans, especially since no one likes losing to the Bruins. However, Washington will be a good game for the Trojans to work on correcting their mistakes. Because the games are so close together, Haley said they won’t be able to get much better or improve too much in the one day they have between games. “We have to gut this Friday match out,” Haley said. “We are not going to get better or improve, but we certainly are gonna have some experiences from this that are gonna help us a little bit.”For Friday, both Haley and junior setter Reni Meyer-Whalley believe there are little things they can tweak to improve their game. The team primarily needs to emphasize communication and ball control in order to be successful this weekend. Haley said that because the team is so young, there are still small errors that they make which can be fixed with concentration and experience.“We have to focus on strategies and correcting some leaks in our reception patterns, working on whose ball is whose,” Haley said. “We have to emphasize ball control. We must have lost 5 or 7 points on just not handling the ball well. That is something we can correct with concentration and passing.”Meyer-Whalley echoed this sentiment, saying that when the ball is on their side of the court, the team needs to work on both controlling the ball and bettering the ball. She also explained that there must be a rhythm between the setters and the hitters, and once that comes, the team will be hitting a lot more balls. They have to work on trusting each other as well. “We can’t start a match with ease, you have to go in fighting,” Meyer-Whalley said. “Our body language has to be that we are ready to fight from the beginning. We have to build some momentum, because it takes momentum away from the other team.” The Women of Troy will face the University of Washington Friday night at 7 p.m. at Galen Center.last_img read more

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Third-string quarterback Jack Sears impresses in Trojan debut

first_imgRedshirt freshman Jack Sears looks for receivers against Arizona State on Saturday at the Coliseum. (Ling Luo | Daily Trojan)The life of any backup quarterback is generally filled with uncertainty. The competitions during summer and fall camp practices, the struggles to develop chemistry with receivers and backs due to limited practice time, the time spent relaying calls and encouraging teammates from the sideline, waiting for an opportunity to make their own mark.For redshirt freshman Jack Sears, the one thing he could feel certain about was his own playing ability. When he finally got his chance to take the field on Saturday against Arizona State, he made sure audiences knew that he had what it takes to play at the collegiate level.“It’s been a while since I’ve been in a game setting,” Sears said. “We did our best in fall camp and my entire time here.”Despite playing in a losing effort, Sears showed flashes of brilliance and the capacity to lead a football team.“I felt comfortable in the second half and guys never stopped believing in me,” Sears said. “It was fun to rally with them and keep competing. We fought to the very end.”On the day, Sears went 20-of-28 passing for 235 yards with two touchdowns. Additionally, Sears was a factor on the ground, participating in a number of designed roll-outs, options and runs, including a 22-yard burst to set up a touchdown drive at the end of the first half. Sears was not the most statistically impressive passer on the roster on Saturday — that title went to redshirt sophomore wideout Tyler Vaughns, who threw a 36-yard touchdown to junior receiver Michael Pittman in the third quarter. However, Sears was capable of producing when called upon for the USC offense.In fact, out of qualifying passers, Sears finished fourth among Pac-12 quarterbacks in terms of passer grade, according to PFF College. Finishing ahead of talented signal callers such as Stanford’s K.J. Costello, Utah’s Tyler Huntley and Arizona State’s Manny Wilkins, Sears clearly stood out compared to the expectations most would have of a backup quarterback.The most impressive factor of Sears’ performance, however, was his ability to lead the Trojans back from a daunting deficit. With just under two minutes left in the first half, USC trailed the Sun Devils by 17 points and had yet to show any life on the offensive side of the ball. Aside from a brilliant Vaughns punt return for a touchdown following Arizona State’s first drive, USC had been shut out. Yet, Sears was able to drive his team 90 yards down the field to cut the deficit to 10 by halftime. Coming out of the break, Sears again carved through the Sun Devils’ secondary to bring USC within 3 points, and 25 seconds later, USC took the lead.While the defense and special teams would falter and the Trojans would go on to fall for the first time at home since 2015, Sears made sure to leave a lasting good impression with a 48-yard heave for a touchdown to Vaughns in Sears’ last play from scrimmage.From the perspective of head coach Clay Helton, this type of performance was anything but out of the ordinary for the San Clemente native. “[Sears] practices like a starter, and today he played like a starter,” Helton said after the game.Helton continued to shower the redshirt freshman in praise for his performance.“I thought [Sears] did a tremendous job,” Helton said. However, Sears does not have a particularly clear path to playing time. With presumptive starter JT Daniels cleared to resume practicing following a concussion suffered on Oct. 20 at Utah, Sears will likely serve in a backup role once again this weekend when the team travels to Oregon State.This should not spell the end of Sears’ chances to contribute moving forward. Sears and Daniels both have freshman eligibility and considering how tumultuous the season has been, it is unlikely that a week-to-week starter is guaranteed, let alone one from year-to-year. Additionally, should Daniels show further health concerns, it is possible that Sears could once again get the nod over Fink.It wasn’t long ago that a San Clemente quarterback took a loss in his first start as a Trojan.While Jack Sears may not have performed as well as former USC quarterback Sam Darnold, he certainly showed enough on Saturday to make it clear that he is capable of being an effective starter when called upon for USC.“I love these guys; I’ve been with them for over two years,” Sears said of his teammates. “I believe in what [Helton is] doing here. Every down, every play, no matter what’s going on. I love this university.”last_img read more

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